As social media and popular culture continue to influence the way we speak, Dictionary.com is zhuzhing up its database to reflect the latest changes.
The online lexicon on Tuesday announced its largest-ever update along with 650 brand new words and phrases, including zhuzh, amirite, brownface, janky, MeToo, sharent, whitesplain, DGAF and GOAT.
The 15,000 updates also include new and revised definitions, etymologies and pronunciations that capture trends in culture and technology and reflect a significant year of change in America.
“The work of a dictionary is more than just adding new words. It’s an ongoing effort to ensure that how we define words reflects changes in language — and life,” said John Kelly, Senior Editor at Dictionary.com.
“Among our many new entries are thousands of deeper, dictionary-wide revisions that touch us on our most personal levels: how we talk about ourselves and our identities, from race to sexual orientation to mental health. Our revisions are putting people, in all their rich humanity, first, and we’re extremely proud of that,” he said in a statement.
Brownface, for instance, is defined as the “imitation of a minority group member’s appearance, speech, traditional dress, etc., by a person who is not a member of that group.” Whitesplain, meanwhile, describes a white person’s comment or attempt to explain an experience by minorities. It’s also defined as “racism to a person of color in a condescending or blaming way.”
The “MeToo” hashtag that went viral when sexual assault survivors began sharing their stories on social media in 2017 also got its own entry in the dictionary.
Sharent, a less known social media slang also made it to the list. It describes a parent who frequently shares personal information on social media. Other popular social media terms and acronyms that were added include “af,” which stands for “as f–k,” GOAT, as in “greatest of all time,” and DGAF, or “don’t give a f–k.”
Dictionary.com added several new entries to describe the different types of animals that help people, including assistance animal, comfort animal, companion animal, emotional support animal, service animal and therapy animal.
It also revised all entries regarding suicide and addiction as en effort “to eliminate language that implies moral judgement or incorporates historical prejudice,” the company said in a news release.
Other interesting additions include:
- ace: an asexual
- Afro-Latina / Afro-Latino: of or relating to Black Latinas or Latinos with African ancestry
- Afro-Latinx: of or relating to Black Latinx with African ancestry (used in place of the masculine form Afro-Latino or the feminine form Afro-Latina)
- amirite: an informal variant spelling of the phrase “am I right”
- biromantic: noting or relating to a person who is romantically attracted to people of two specific and distinct gender identities, as both men and women
- dead white male: one of a group of white male writers, scientists, or other historical figures whose works have traditionally dominated the field or been a disproportionate part of the school curriculum in the West
- ecoanxiety: anxiety caused by a dread of environmental perils, especially climate change, and a feeling of helplessness over the potential consequences for those living now and even more so for those of later generations
- Filipinx: of or relating to natives or inhabitants of the Philippines (used in place of the masculine form Filipino or the feminine form Filipina)
- gender-inclusive: relating to or intended for any gender; gender-neutral
- jabroni: a stupid, foolish, or contemptible person; loser
- janky: untrustworthy; disreputable
- swole: (especially of a man) very muscular
- techlash: a strong negative reaction or backlash against the largest technology companies, or their employees or products
- trans+: of or relating to people with gender expressions outside traditional norms, as transgender, genderqueer, agender, or nonbinary
- zhuzh: to make (something) more lively and interesting, stylish, or appealing, as by a small change or addition.